In August 2021, the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which brings together scientists from all over the world, published an excerpt of its Sixth Assessment Report. The IPCC is an international organization that scientifically assesses the current state of climate change, makes predictions as to the future of climate change, and proposes measures to tackle climate change. The report—the first in eight years—has sent shockwaves around the globe because this was the first time that the IPCC made the determination that global warming is caused by human activity.
So what is the situation with climate change? To answer this, Seita Emori, who works at the National Institute for Environmental Studies and who is one of the report’s authors, explained the state of climate change, the climate events that could occur in the future, and the measures that are required to counteract climate change.